News, Analysis and Opinion for the Informed Boulder Resident
Thursday October 8th 2015

Lisa Morzel on All Topics

Ballot Issues
Do you support 2N, a tax on short-term rentals?Yes
Do you support 2O, the Utility Occupation tax renewal?Yes
Do you support 2P, the Climate Action Plan tax renewal?Yes
Do you support 2Q, the Library Commission charter amendment?Yes
Do you support 2R, the City Council compensation increase charter amendment?Yes
Do you support 300, the Neighborhoods’ Right to Vote charter amendment?No
Do you support 301, the New Development Shall Pay Its Own Way charter amendment?No
Campaign Finance and Disclosure
Are you currently, or have you recently been, invested in a limited liability corporation that is not in your candidate financial disclosure?No
Have you agreed or will you agree to the volunteer expenditure limit?Yes
Will you accept public matching funds?Yes
What is your view of the proposed City of Boulder-Chautauqua Association lease, specifically board representation, rents, parking and streets?Discussions on the update to the Chautauqua lease have been ongoing since 2010. Adequate time has been put into the lease, which expires in 2018, and various issues have been resolved. As this is city-owned land leased to the Chautauqua Association for $1/year, a slight increase of council-appointed board members from the current 2 out of 15 to 3 out of 15 might be considered. While the current board is excellent, diverse, and dedicated and the proposed lease is generally very good for all involved, I believe some additional input from city council on board membership in this important community asset is reasonable. Having a council member on the board serving as a liaison between council and the Chautauqua board may result in more consistent communication. The additional rents agreed upon by the cottage owners will help contribute >$2M towards needed infrastructure renovation.
How should the city address housing issues for immigrant families in Boulder?It depends if they need help or not as many immigrants need no help. In some cases, immigrants are a vulnerable population. Legal status, limited English proficiency, and high housing costs impact housing opportunities. Mobile home parks represent an important source of lower cost, market-rate housing where some immigrants choose to live. At times, park management has targeted the most vulnerable, non-English speakers from other countries not familiar with US laws with fines and abusive practices. Recently, the Boulder City Council passed a mobile home owners rights ordinance to help stabilize conditions there.
What do you think are the major concerns for Latinos in Boulder during this election?In some cases, Latinos in Boulder are vulnerable due to immigration status, insufficient English proficiency, and income limitations. Housing costs, abusive landlord practices, concern about displacement, employment, security of housing and acceptance in the community are significant issues. Additionally, access to health care is often difficult and leads to lower quality medical care while dependence on emergency services for routine care is the norm due to few options. Establishing community internet service, building a full-service north Boulder library and community center, and improving Eco-pass options, bus service, and access in Boulder are ways to address needs. Restorative justice programs and “belonging revolution” interactions with communities are important tools. Latinos who don’t face the above-stated challenges still have to seek acceptance from non-Latino peers.
Why and how should Boulder strive to be accessible to lower income residents?We need to be inclusive as we are all interrelated and represent important components to our social, economic, and environmental fabric. Each individual contributes greatly to our community. For many in lower income communities where English may not be their first language, the city should do more to ensure interpreters are at meetings where people need interpreters. The city must ensure that entry fees to city facilities stay on a sliding scale and at a fair accessible rate. That would say volumes on the value the city places on the presence of and input from these communities. Holding more local community events or neighborhood meetings would be a step in the right direction. Creating internet access in lower income communities, such as at mobile home parks, also would be a great step forward.
Do you support an aggressive plan for Boulder to achieve 100% renewable electricity by 2030?Yes
Do you support the municipalization of Boulder’s electric utility?Yes
For operating and maintaining a municipal energy utility, which do you prefer:
  • City of Boulder
  • Contractor
  • Blend of city and contractor
Blend of city and contractor
What do you think are the most important investments of the carbon tax proceeds?Through the Climate Action Plan (CAP) tax programs aimed at increasing energy efficiency and increasing renewable energy, Boulder has arrested growth of its carbon footprint even though its population is still growing. The most effective programs have been the lighting replacement program (especially residential), the solar grant program, and the EnergySmart program that provides audits, advice, incentives, and rebates for businesses and residences. The SmartRegs rental licensing and energy efficiency program has been especially effective. Partners for a Clean Environment (PACE) has had enormous success in working with the business sector at reducing their carbon footprint and being a proud part of the solution. Extending mandated energy efficiency programs to commercial and industrial buildings, currently under consideration by City Council, is a critically important next step.
What is your roadmap, including milestones, for getting to a zero-carbon electricity supply?Municipalize our electricity supply- legal arguments at the PUC will be decided in the next year providing a clear path of how we continue. To do so, the city must meet the charter requirements of having the same or increased reliability, equal or lower rates, decreased levels of carbon emissions, and increased renewable energy in the portfolio. The city must have sufficient reserves to cover operating and debt costs and carry a reserve of 25% of debt amount. The city also must meet a debt limit of $214M for acquisition of Xcel’s assets. Not meeting these criteria would result in considering another path forward. If municipalization is approved, spend the next few years acquiring renewable energy suppliers. Incentivize distributed renewable sources (rooftop and solar gardens) as much as possible and create electrical energy storage facilities at all scales from home to power plant.
What plans and programs would you support to increase the use of solar energy in Boulder?With 300 days/year of sunshine, Boulder is serious about solar energy. I support the enhanced web-based Boulder Solar Tool that community members can use to evaluate their property for solar potential, enhancements to the city’s solar grant and rebate program, and a full local generation analysis. I strongly support the Solar Benefits Program with Boulder County that helps local residents pool their purchasing power and receive bulk discounts for installing solar systems and buying/leasing an electric vehicle. I support moving forward with evaluations of distributed solar potential, especially on commercial/industrial rooftops and in solar gardens. Consideration of financing arrangements such as feed-in tariffs and serious work on development of electrical energy storage capacity are important. I strongly support continued additions of solar arrays to city buildings and facilities.
What will be the most challenging issue for the city to achieve our commitment of an 80% carbon reduction below 2005 levels by 2050?Decarbonize electrical supply- Municipalization will allow Boulder to sustain rates and reliability while doubling renewables and halfing emissions. Since 57% of our carbon emissions come from electrical usage, this predicts a 28% reduction. Improve commercial and industrial energy efficiency and renewable energy usage. These facilities produce 57% of our carbon emissions. Require significantly increased energy efficiency in C&I buildings with options by 2016. Reduce natural gas usage in all buildings (17% total C emissions) with increased building energy efficiency retrofits, more efficient heat generation, and increased solar thermal heating. More aggressive building energy codes are needed. Phase in net-zero requirements for all new buildings now. Reduce automobile emissions (22% of our total) with electric vehicles, increased car sharing, and better multi-modal transit options.
What are three achievable goals that you would champion in the next two years?1. Secure a clean energy future for Boulder. We soon will know about our ability to realize a municipally owned, service-oriented electric utility with more renewable energy and meet incremental targets toward 80% greenhouse gas emission reductions by 2050. 2. Address issues and concerns surrounding growth and development in the 2015 Boulder Valley Comprehensive Plan update. Create subcommunity plans that focus on community visions, needs, and desires. Public input is a critical part of the final product. Improve the process and level of engagement so all can participate in how Boulder grows. 3. Prioritize workforce housing. Identify path to permanently stable mobile home parks. Develop a neighborhood process that allows for granny flats, accessory dwelling units, owner accessory units, cooperatives, occupancy, modular housing, non-subsidized housing targeted for middle incomes.
Should City Council members continue to be elected at large?Yes
Do you support making the City Attorney an elected position?No
Growth and Development
What do you think about the Boulder Junction development?Boulder Junction has been in a concept since the early 1990’s as a somewhat denser, mixed-use development centered around rail. It has an area plan and had a broad public process. Development of Boulder Junction has caused some concern, due to the amount, quality, design, and rate of development recently. Transportation impacts of Boulder Junction can’t be evaluated yet as the complete system is not fully implemented. We need to wait to see how Boulder Junction functions and looks like upon completion. I look forward to receiving results from impact analyses of this denser type of development as to quantifying whether this development resulted in a decrease of greenhouse gas emissions and a decrease in housing cost. Once completed, time will be needed to see what kind of community develops, akin to what happened in north Boulder.
How should the city proceed on widely unpopular land use changes in residential neighborhoods?I assume you mean potentially, widely unpopular, since I am not familiar with any specific proposal at this moment. I am an advocate of subcommunity or subarea planning where the community considers what the potential changes could be in their subcommunity and advocates its vision for how it grows. This process also gives the community better predictability for how and when those changes will happen. Before the city could proceed in any land use changes within residential neighborhoods, they would need significant public input. In the past, the few significant land use changes proposed such as on Lashley Lane and at Table Mesa shopping center were met with strong opposition, in part because of poor engagement of the public by the city and opposition to the ideas. It was not a well considered idea.
Should the 2015 Comprehensive Plan update include how big Boulder should be and how fast it should build out?Yes
What should happen with the Planning Reserve? Should its fate remain under 4-body control?The Planning Reserve should remain in its current status until Area I, the current city service area, is properly in-filled. Currently many surface parking lots and underdeveloped spaces in Area I could be better utilized as development, parks, or something more appropriate. Developing within the existing infrastructure rather than in undeveloped edge of town has a cost benefit factor of about 10:1. Let future generations make this decision. Area III should remain under 4-body review as its future affects both city and county residents. Having 4-body review in the BVCP has resulted in the compact, urban environment we have in Boulder. It is a good system of checks and balances. It has helped stabilize a potentially fluid political environment that which could produce rapid land use changes with changes in political leadership, be they at the County Commission or City Council level.
What would you support doing with the Hogan-Pancost property in southeast Boulder?
  • It should be annexed and developed
  • It should be moved into Area III-Rural Preservation
  • Nothing at this time
It should be moved into Area III - Rural Preservation
When a new development increases demands on transportation, housing, services or parks, who should pay for it?
  • The developer
  • The citizenry as a whole
The developer
Which of the following statements about Boulder’s housing prices rings true to you? Select all that apply:
  • Boulder now has more jobs than residents. We must address the jobs/pop balance in order to address housing prices.
  • We don’t have enough supply. If we can add more units prices will fall. It’s a supply-side question.
  • Boulder has inelastic demand. We can’t add enough units to meet demand sufficiently to reduce prices.
  • The city should ask CU to be part of the solution and build on-campus housing for each student increase.
Boulder now has more jobs than residents. We must address the jobs/pop balance in order to address housing prices.,Boulder has inelastic demand. We can’t add enough units to meet demand sufficiently to reduce prices.,The city should ask CU to be part of the solution and build on-campus housing for each student increase.
Historic Preservation
Given current development pressures, how will you enhance the Historic Preservation program to protect our historic and cultural resources?I would add to the current benefits of landmarking a structure the opportunity to provide a development bonus for preserving a smaller but significant structure on site, as suggested last year by the city’s landmark board. Allowing property owners to retain these smaller structures and use as owner accessory structures would provide an economic incentive.
What role should historic preservation play in the evolution of the new Civic Center area plan?I think it should play a central role and provide the framework for how the proposed plan evolves. We should respect basic elements present currently in the area including the locations and presence of the Dushanbe Teahouse, BMOCA, the Band Shell, the Sister City Plaza, the Municipal Building, the Library, bridges and connections. In this scheme the Civic Use Pad, north of Canyon at 11th is included. Central Park was designed by Glen Huntington, a well-respected planner and architect. His design should serve as the foundation for future plan.
Do you believe density can be used as a tool to address affordable housing in Boulder?Yes
Do you support lobbying the state government for statewide rent control?Yes
Is it important to preserve mobile home park zoning?Yes
What is your opinion of housing cooperatives, and how do you see them fitting into the city’s housing future?Housing cooperatives can work but significant work is needed on the current ordinance to make them more applicable. Cooperatives provide non-subsidized affordable housing for many who work in lower income positions, such as teachers, nurses, service workers, care providers, and non-profits. Cooperatives also can conserve additional resources due to the sharing nature in coops so less water, energy, land, cars are used. Coops also provides a supportive social structure for many who many not have a traditional nuclear family. I see them as one tool of several to address housing needs in Boulder.
What role do you think mobile homes play in Boulder’s affordable housing?Mobile homes play a critical role as they are the one of the most affordable housing types requiring little to no government subsidy. People have pride of home ownership and the ability to live in Boulder, where most work. Recently, the Boulder City Council passed an ordinance to protect the rights of mobile home residents, which is a first step to stabilize conditions there. We have about 1700+ mobile homes provide in and adjacent to Boulder. We are pursuing options that will create stable land ownership situations for mobile home owners or renters. Possibilities include microzoning for individual lot ownership, community land trusts, or public-private partnerships.
What strategies would you promote for creating affordable housing in Boulder?Our Inclusionary Housing program is functioning well for low income and some middle income residents, recently surpassing 8% of our total housing stock. Increasing the 10% affordable goal should be considered. Additional funding using commercial linkage fees to support affordable housing is now being assessed on all commercial development. We have commissioned a study to assess commercial impacts on housing needs to adjust the linkage fee to the proper level. Finally, we must address non-subsidized means for more affordable housing in Boulder which includes mobile home parks, allowing more accessory dwelling units, owner accessory units, boarding houses, coops, and relaxing occupancy limits where acceptable. Much of this housing type will require local community dialogue. New development should be better focused on providing appropriate housing for our workers and middle class.
Do you think occupancy limits affect housing affordability and choice in Boulder?Yes, and Boulder needs to address this. One start would be to allow number of bedrooms to equal the number of occupants while ensuring current parking, noise, trash ordinances are effectively enforced. Current limits reduce access to one of the most sustainable and affordable housing options available today—bedrooms in existing houses and outlaws roommates of 4 or more. Boulder talks a lot about sustainability and affordable housing, yet current limits affect these goal. Today, less than a third of households in Boulder are headed by married couples and almost 60% consist of non-families. The laws discriminate against low-income households, young people, same sex couples, couples who prefer not to marry. With the community, Boulder needs to reconsider if occupancy is an effort the city wants to invest its resources.
Human Services
What do you consider to be the human services needs in the City of Boulder and what is the role of Council in addressing these needs?The City provides a very broad range of health and human services programs support health services including addiction and disability assistance, housing and homeless needs, clothing and furniture, child care and parenting, education, food assistance, legal assistance, and youth and senior services. Council works with the City Manager and the Human Relations Commission to provide funding and policy direction on our excellent array of human services. Boulder County and state and federal programs are important partners.
What is your position on the city’s funding budget for human service agencies:
  • It should be increased
  • It should be decreased
  • It should not be part of the city budget
  • It should stay at current levels
It should stay at current levels
What are your highest priorities for North Boulder? Pick 2:
  • A full library branch
  • Flood recovery
  • Safety issues
  • Housing and development
A full library branch,Flood recovery
In which Boulder neighborhood do you live? What is the main issue in your neighborhood?I co-founded and live in the Centennial neighborhood in north Boulder. A main topic at our recent annual neighborhood picnic was the Folsom Street project and general concern with public process and the new design. In my greater north Boulder neighborhood, much concern has been raised about this project as well. Growth and development is another topic that prevails. Some in my larger neighborhood are still recovering from the 2013 flood. In the grand scheme of life, however, we are doing well.
Open Space
Considering the charter and demands on open space, how important do you consider habitat/ecosystem preservation relative to other priorities?Extremely important. The purposes of Open Space are unprioritized, but all reflect the preservation of Open Space resources, including passive recreation. If we do not preserve habitat/ecosystems, we will lose something that cannot be recreated, and also will lose the reason people enjoy passively recreating on Open Space.
Do you support continued open space acquisition?Yes
Do you support the acquisition of trail easements to develop trail connections between the city and open space recreation destinations?Yes
Do you think non-city residents should have input on city decisions regarding Open Space & Mountain Parks?No
Open space acquisition is slowing but population and demand continue to increase. What reply will you give to people wanting more access?That Open Space land will have to be more actively managed as there is more and more visitation to Open Space. Users may have to compromise in the extent to which they access Open Space in order to preserve the qualities that make access enjoyable.
What do you think about the Voice and Sight program for dogs on Boulder’s open space?The Open Space program has spent huge amounts of money and staff time creating a workable Voice and Sight program for dogs on Open Space. Through the years of adjusting this program, it has become marginally better. There are still many too many owners whose dogs are not in compliance, and this remains a source of conflict among users of Open Space.
Regarding the North Trail Study Area, select the option that best represents your views:
  • The North TSA is an opportunity to offer more Voice & Sight (V&S) access to accommodate the increasing population of the Boulder area
  • Access for dogs and leash restrictions are largely balanced across the system. There should be no expansion of V&S trails in the North TSA
  • The number of trails permitting hikers with dogs should remain steady, but dogs should be leashed on more of these trails
  • Hikers with dogs have too much access, and their access should be restricted to fewer trails
Access for dogs and leash restrictions are largely balanced across the system. There should be no expansion of V&S trails in the North TSA
Where do you see or propose opportunities for mountain bikers?The Joder property offers an opportunity to provide access to more western county bike trails at Heil and Hall Ranches. Access to Joder from Boulder could be along existing multi-use trails on the east side of Highway 36. Some short connections would be required to get across 36 to Joder. Eldorado Springs to Walker Ranch is another location for bike access to western county bike trails, although in order to actually achieve this connection, bike interests need to champion it with the state parks and county. Chapman drive was established as a bike trail to Boulder Canyon, which will link up with a bike route up Boulder Canyon to the first tunnel for access to the trails at Betasso. Additionally plans for a regional bicycle system currently are underway with the Rocky Mtn Greenway linking 3 front range Na'l Wildlife Refuges to Rocky Mtn National Park and the Front Range Trail to the south.
Pollinators and Prairie Dogs
Would you be willing to use your position on Council to promote pollinator protections beyond the city of Boulder?Yes
What is your position on the removal of prairie dogs from open space?I generally would support only as a last resort given that black tail prairie dogs are a keystone species in our ecosystem on which many other species depend and the fact that very little protection is given them outside Boulder. Few receiving sites exist to transfer.
Public Engagement
How do you intend to engage younger, working residents in civic processes?We need to engage all residents and younger working resident involvement is critically important. We have increased our presence on social media and have engaged civic online platforms and live-streaming of selected meetings. Most importantly, all council meetings and planning and open space board meetings now are broadcast live on channel 8, live-streamed on the city website, and archived for viewing later. This allows access at any time to these important meetings. Input is taken by council and staff as email, phone calls, letters. I have advocated for more meetings to be located where people are in their neighborhoods, and for translation services. Of course, residents also are welcome to apply for city boards and commissions. Recruit younger residents to become engaged in city processes and make sure their voices are part of the product giving confidence to the process.
How should the city government and leaders reach residents who might not have computer access or technical skills?Channel 8 is an important resource for reaching people. I advocated for all city council meetings in addition to planning board and open space meetings televised; this is in place and makes a big difference. Ads in newspapers are useful. Go meet people where they live, work, and play. Invite to public meetings and clarify the process. In the 2016 budget, the city will hire someone to more directly communicate with the public through mailed monthly newsletters summarizing recent city events and plans. Council certainly takes input by letter, phone, or personal contact and polling or surveys of citizen needs and opinion are largely done by mail and phone. The addition of the new Neighborhood Liaison, for which I advocated, will increase outreach to neighborhoods enabling them to better navigate city processes.
How would you include voices from underrepresented parts of our community specifically on housing, transportation, and economic development?The city needs to have meetings in the community where underrepresented members live. Make it easy for people to get there, make it a comfortable space, ensure culturally appropriate, bilingual interpreters are present, arrange the meeting at a time when a majority of members can attend. Be open to the idea of multiple meetings to reach the most affected. Prepare flyers in the various languages that represent the underrepresented community. Encourage them to get on our boards and commissions and involved in other city activities.
The city has recently pursued policy based on small working groups of residents picked by staff. You would:
  • Continue this approach
  • Do widespread scientific polling of the community
  • Do both
  • Do neither
Do both
What strategies would you propose to include the Latino community voice in any city process and make them feel welcome and integrated?First, contact Latino leaders to get their input, and, with that, go to the broader community to engage and invite all into any process. Bilingual interpreters should be a constant in the city’s frequent interaction with our English-as-a-second-language communities. Multiple meetings on the same topic may be necessary to ensure all interested parties can participate due to work schedules. Multi-media communication (in various languages) would allow individuals to access on their schedules. to accommodate residents’ work scheduleParticipations is city policy making is often difficult due to extremely busy work schedules and language barriers, and I have advocated for better translation services at city meetings and holding some meetings in neighborhoods with large Latino populations.
Do you support a county sustainability tax? If so, do you support dedicating a portion of the tax revenue to Zero Waste programs?Yes. We have a number of unmet needs in the county including completion of the facilities at 6400 Arapahoe, additional CHaRM facilities, and East County composting facility, a facility for processing construction and demolition materials, and increased capacity at the MRF to deal with increased commercial/industrial recycling.
Would you make it a priority to develop a local public composting facility in Boulder County that supports all haulers?Yes
What additional actions should be taken to mitigate Boulder’s flood risk?We need to mitigate potential flood hazards associated with South Boulder Ck and as such, Boulder is working with CU on their south campus and CDOT to built detention areas and a berm that will effectively divert flood waters. Additionally, drainages that flooded in 2013, like Four Mile Canyon, Wonderland, and Gregory Creeks, will require infrastructure to avert future flooding. As a member of the Denver Urban Drainage and Flood Control District, Boulder can leverage additional funds for infrastructure and storm monitoring for quick response.
Does the city need to address youth marijuana usage, now that there are so many dispensaries?No
How would you help Boulder’s seniors age in place?The City of Boulder has anticipated the increased demand for senior housing and has approved development of a number of senior housing and retirement communities. Boulder also supports development of permanently affordable housing options for seniors, such as the Silver Sage Co-housing Community. City council will consider modifications to rules for senior cooperative housing and consideration of 6 seniors living in a single home. This has good potential for creating affordable and supportive senior living situations. With public input, I support these actions in appropriate areas and will continue to support our senior centers and Via transportation assistance.
What is your position on a head tax on Boulder workers?
  • Do not support a head tax
  • Support taxing only workers at for-profit companies
  • Support taxing only workers making more than a certain threshold
  • Support taxing all workers
Support taxing all workers
What steps do you propose to increase bicycle mode share from 10% to 30% to meet the Transportation Master Plan goals?Create safer bike access through reaching community consensus on where these are located. A thorough public process is critical as we move forward. Additional off-road bike paths, underpasses, and crosswalks are needed. Pot hole repair and maintenance are key to safe riding. We need safe bike corridors to substantially increase bike commuting. 13th St. is potentially a place to start. This can be more bike friendly and usable by simply turning stop signs to allow free flowing bike traffic between Iris and Pine. Restriction of automobile traffic to local residents on 13th would further encourage bicycling. Addition of real roundabouts in many areas would further encourage bicycling and provide safer intersections. Long light cycles due to oversized intersections are a major cause of impatient bicyclist violating traffic lights; traffic circles are a much better solution.
Do you support a citywide Ecopass? If so, how would you fund it? If not, explain why.Yes. The city and county are engaged detailed studies of costs and funding of this proposition. I believe that a community- or county-wide ecopass would dramatically encourage transit use. Major limitations to bus ridership are lack of knowledge of fare costs (which require exact change) and bus schedules. Increased ridership also will require better service. The city should invest more in the community transit network to create more routes with 15-minute bus frequency. Suggested BRT-lite service to local communities also would go hand-in-hand with a county-wide ecopass and has the potential to greatly decrease incommuting by single occupancy vehicle.
What do you think constitutes success on Folsom for commuters, residents and businesses?The Folsom experiment attempted to create safer, more protected bicycle travel. Research has shown that converting 4-lane roads to 3-lane with a continuous center left-turn lane often does not significantly increase travel times. The Folsom experiment has worked well between Valmont and Pine, where no permanent center median, lighted intersections, or improved crosswalks exist. Changes on Folsom between Pine and Canyon caused increased congestion as the constricted left turn lanes backed-up into the traffic lanes impacting business. City staff has responded to direction from council by removing some bollards and changing light timing, but I this may not be enough. I support restoring Folsom between Pine and Canyon to its previous state, allowing the Valmont-Pine section to continue, and building community consensus before proceeding
What would you propose as a solution to the tens of thousands of incommuters that could be implemented in the near term?No simple solution to the traffic and carbon emissions caused by in-commuting exists. Our 2014 Housing Choice Survey indicates many reasons people choose to live outside of Boulder, with affordable single-family homes being most important. Many in-commuters would live in Boulder if smaller single-family homes or duplexes were affordable. Boulder needs to address this by creating more developments like Iris Hollow or Holiday Neighborhood within the city. Other solutions include better transit connections to surrounding communities (like new BRT on 3 and BRT-lite in Boulder County), final mile connections in Boulder, and greatly increased tele-commuting. Other approaches include parking disincentives and congestion pricing. Ultimately, Boulder needs a vision for build-out that includes balancing job-growth and population growth with commuting impacts.
How would you make low-cost, low-carbon transportation, including biking, walking, and transit, safer and more accessible to low income families?Safer biking, walking, and transit is a city-wide priority for all families, not only low income families. The City’s Transportation Action Plan is implementing many changes designed to give higher priority to non-automobile travel. This includes improvements to bikeways, crosswalks, traffic signals, transit frequency and connections. Low income families face additional challenges. Perhaps most important would be a city- or county-wide ecopass program for all, but this must be coupled to improved transit service, which will require city subsidy of bus routes to increase frequency. The 204 route is a case in point. This route serves many low income families but has low frequency service and a pathetic record of on-time performance. Improving bus routes like this should be an immediate priority, in addition to crosswalk additions and improved bike and pedestrian routes.